Concussion Information

What is a concussion?

A concussion is a brain injury and all brain injuries are serious. They are caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head, or by a blow to another part of the body with the force transmitted to the head. They can range from mild to severe and can disrupt the way the brain normally works. Even though most concussions are mild, all concussions are potentially serious and may result in complications including prolonged brain damage and death if not recognized and managed properly. In other words, even a “ding” or a bump on the head can be serious. You can’t see a concussion, and most sport related concussions occur without loss of consciousness. Signs and symptoms of a concussion may show up right after the injury, or can take hours even days, to fully appear. If your student-athlete reports any symptoms of a concussion, or if you notice the symptoms or signs of a concussion yourself, seek medical attention from a licensed health care professional (Athletic Trainer, Nurse, Physician, Pediatrician) right away. Also inform the school of this matter, regardless of where the concussion occurred (example: outside athletics or recreational activity.)

Symptoms of a concussion may include one or more of the following:

  • Headaches
  • “Pressure in head”
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Neck pain
  • Balance problems or dizziness
  • Blurred, double, or fuzzy vision
  • Sensitivity to light or noise
  • Feeling sluggish or slowed down
  • Feeling foggy or groggy
  • Change in sleep patterns
  • Amnesia
  • “Don’t feel right”
  • Fatigue or low energy
  • Nervousness or anxiety
  • Irritability
  • More emotional than usual
  • Confusion
  • Drowsiness

What can happen if my child keeps on playing with a concussion?

Athletes with the signs and symptoms of concussion should be removed from play immediately. Continuing to play with thesigns and symptoms of a concussion leaves the young athlete especially vulnerable to greater injury. There is an increased risk of significant damage from a concussion for a period of time after that concussion occurs,( particularly if the athlete suffers another concussion before completely recovering from the first one). This can lead to prolonged recovery, or even to severe brain swelling (second impact syndrome) with devastating and even fatal consequences. It is well known that adolescent or teenage athletes will often under report symptoms of injuries, and concussions are no different. As a result, education of administrators, coaches, parents and students is the key for a student-athlete’s safety.

If you think your child has suffered a concussion

Any athlete even suspected of suffering a concussion should be removed from the game or practice immediately. No athlete may return to activity after an apparent head injury or concussion, regardless of how mild it seems or how quickly symptoms clear, without medical clearance. Close observation of the athlete should continue for several hours. Bullis School requires the consistent and uniform implementation of the well established return to play concussion guideline that has been recommended for several years:

Bullis School
10601 Falls Road Potomac MD 20854
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